Chandler, AZ Information and History

A brief history of the community founded by Dr. A.J. Chandler on May 17, 1912

As one of the fastest growing communities in the nation, Chandler, a suburb of Phoenix, AZ, has transformed from a small agricultural town at the turn of the 20th Century to the High Tech Oasis in the Silicon Desert of today.

Dr Alexander John Chandler,history

Dr. Alexander John Chandler

Chandler, AZ In 1891, Dr. Alexander John Chandler, the first veterinary surgeon for the territory of Arizona, bought 80 acres of land from the federal government south of Mesa in the Salt River Valley. Dr. Chandler studied the relatively new science of irrigation engineering and was instrumental in building an early system of canals in what was then an arid desert.

By the turn of the century, Dr. Chandler owned an 18,000 acre ranch. The charter of the Salt River Project provided that each landowner could obtain enough water to irrigate only 160 acres. Dr. Chandler sought the help of planners and architects in subdividing his ranch and drawing up a townsite map. He then advertised nationally the sale of Chandler Ranch sites. 

On May 17, 1912, Dr. Chandler opened the townsite office. Excursion trains on the newly completed Arizona Eastern Railroad brought 300 speculators who spent $50,000 for land that day.

chandler,az,historic,photoThe town then consisted of three wooden shacks — the townsite office, a dining hall and the Morrison Grocery. There was also a billboard marking the site of the elegant future Hotel San Marcos. Dr. Chandler had an ambitious plan that was well ahead of his time. He envisioned a landscaped central park that would be surrounded by businesses. The walkways in front of the buildings would be covered by a trellis-like roof, supported by colonnades. Deed restrictions required land owners to build on their land within one year.

One year after the first land sale, Chandler was beginning to look like an established town. Businesses had been built along the west and south side of the park, including the Bank of Chandler and the Eastern Railroad depot.

Graded dirt roads encircled the park, and there were wagons, carts and Model T Fords busily moving about the town. The park was covered by grass, with newly planted trees, and was divided into a north and south side by the Commonwealth Canal.

The grand opening of the Hotel San Marcos took place on November 22, 1913. Among the 500 guests present were Governor George P. Hunt and Vice President Thomas Marshall. The hotel was an immediate success with wealthy visitors coming from all over the country every winter.

But agriculture was still the big business in Chandler at the time. Cotton, grains and alfalfa were the primary crops. Farmers also raised cattle, sheep and, yes, ostriches. Ostrich feathers were used to adorn popular women’s fashions. Top quality feathers sold for as much as $250 a pound.

As the years passed, cotton became the most common and profitable crop in Chandler. By the time World War I began, long-staple cotton was in demand to be used for the production of rubber tires and aircraft fabrics. During the war, the Goodyear Tire Company leased 8,000 acres south of town from the Chandler Improvement Company and built the town of Goodyear.

By 1920, Chandler had more than 1,000 residents. Automobiles had become the main form of transportation, so the town’s roads needed to be paved. The water and sewage systems were also outdated and the utility services were unreliable.

Arthur Price, the local Justice of the Peace, drafted the town’s first charter, and in May of 1920, the citizens voted to incorporate and become the Town of Chandler. Dr. Chandler agreed to serve as the first mayor until one could be elected. They soon after elected a mayor and council.

The Great Depression was not a devastating experience for most of Chandler’s residents. The cotton crash of 1920 had a far greater impact on the agriculturally based economy. Dr. Chandler, however, did not fare so well during the depression years. The Bank of Chandler collapsed and he lost the San Marcos to his creditors. He was able to retire comfortably, though, and lived in a cottage on the grounds of the hotel.

By the late 1930s, Chandler was experiencing some problems spurred by growth and technology. Drivers of the new faster cars sometimes didn’t realize that Arizona Avenue then ended at the town plaza. Cars often jumped the curb and drove right into the park. And the large diesel trucks that made deliveries to businesses around the park had trouble navigating the narrow roads around the plaza.

In 1940, the state proposed to align Route 87 down Arizona Avenue. Residents were not happy to see their beautiful park divided in half for a highway, but the town’s original design was no longer safe or practical.

In 1941, the U.S. Army Air Corps announced its plans for the construction of a fighter pilot training base east of Chandler. The base began operations in October and two months later Japanese bombers attacked Pearl Harbor. It soon became common to see uniformed men in town.

On August 14, 1945, Chandler residents celebrated late into the night when they received news of the end of the war.

During World War II, Chandler’s population doubled and reached 3,800 by 1950 — the year Dr. Chandler passed away. On May 24, 1954, the status of Chandler was upgraded from town to City.

In recent years, Chandler’s borders have been expanded and the population has boomed — from 30,000 in 1980 to more than 240,000 today. The economic base of Chandler has been diversified. While agriculture is still somewhat of a vital element, Chandler now enjoys a strong manufacturing and electronics sector.

The downtown storefronts have been restored to a modern version of their original turn-of-the-century look, and the plaza has been redesigned and named after the City’s founder. The Center for the Arts, new parks, restaurants and retail centers mark an exciting future for the City.

Family festivals such as the Ostrich Festival, and a host of other annual events, make Chandler a popular draw for travelers from all across the country.

And the citizens of Chandler enjoy a quality of life unsurpassed in the Valley today. It certainly appears that Dr. Chandler knew what he was doing the day he dreamed of this jewel in the desert.

Information Courtesy City of Chandler, AZ

Homes For Sale In Chandler, AZ

538 matches found

$574,900
1650 E Twin Acres Drive, Chandler, AZ 85286
View Photos (38)
Open House (11/25/2017 - 12:00 pm)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 3.5
Square Footage: 3362
Year Built: 1993
Subdivision: Minde Property MLD
City/Town Code: Chandler
Description: Beautifully Maintained Custom Ranch Basement home built for quality and ene...
Last Updated: November - 25 - 2017
$249,000
503 W HARRISON Street, Chandler, AZ 85225
View Photos (45)
Open House (11/25/2017 - 1:00 pm)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1344
Year Built: 1971
Subdivision: HARTFORD ESTATES 2
City/Town Code: Chandler
Description: Move-In Ready Home Really Close To Downtown Chandler!! Large Lot With Divin...
Last Updated: November - 25 - 2017
$273,000
1205 N KENNETH Place, Chandler, AZ 85226
View Photos (35)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1538
Year Built: 1985
Subdivision: CORONA VILLAGE 2 LOT 1-268 TR A-D
City/Town Code: Chandler
Description: CHARMING 3 BEDROOM 2 BATHROOM IN CHANDLER!! THIS HOME FEATURES A BRAND NEW ...
Last Updated: November - 25 - 2017
$280,900
1057 N Dakota Street, Chandler, AZ 85225
View Photos (34)
Open House (11/25/2017 - 12:00 pm)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1824
Year Built: 1960
Subdivision: OLSEN ADDITION
City/Town Code: Chandler
Description: Your Buyers will LOVE this BEAUTY!!! Fully Renovated with New EVERYTHING! T...
Last Updated: November - 25 - 2017
$798,000
1700 S EMERSON Place, Chandler, AZ 85286
View Photos (78)Virtual Tours (1)
Open House (11/24/2017 - 11:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 6
# of Bathrooms: 4
Square Footage: 4227
Year Built: 1999
Subdivision: EDEN ESTATES
City/Town Code: Chandler
Description: VOTED BEST HOME ON TOUR!! CUSTOM 4,227 Sqft 5Bed/4 Bath~ PLUS DEN~ CAN BE 6...
Last Updated: November - 25 - 2017
$260,000
973 E MANOR Drive, Chandler, AZ 85225
View Photos (29)Virtual Tours (1)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 3
Square Footage: 1685
Year Built: 1986
Subdivision: STONEGATE CROSSING
City/Town Code: Chandler
Description: Don’t miss this beautiful cul-de-sac home on a large lot with a gorgeous ...
Last Updated: November - 25 - 2017
$259,000
1581 W BUTLER Drive, Chandler, AZ 85224
View Photos (43)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1388
Year Built: 1993
Subdivision: MISSION TIERRA
City/Town Code: Chandler
Description: SELLER IS RENTING OUT HOME .....Here’s a great opportunity for a first-ti...
Last Updated: November - 25 - 2017
$347,500
3982 W RENE Drive, Chandler, AZ 85226
View Photos (55)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 3.5
Square Footage: 2486
Year Built: 1991
Subdivision: GOLDEN KEYS EAST
City/Town Code: Chandler
Description: Spectacular 4 bed, 3.5 bath property located in Chandler! This is the exact...
Last Updated: November - 25 - 2017
$379,900
761 E INDIAN WELLS Place, Chandler, AZ 85249
View Photos (50)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 2458
Year Built: 2004
Subdivision: LAGOS VISTOSO
City/Town Code: Chandler
Description: AWESOME WATERFRONT PROPERTY in ''LAGOS VISTOSO'' GATED COMMUNITY! North/Sou...
Last Updated: November - 25 - 2017
$339,000
851 N WOODBURNE Drive, Chandler, AZ 85224
View Photos (41)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 3
Square Footage: 2162
Year Built: 1995
Subdivision: RAINTREE RANCH EAST UNIT 2 LOTS 71-80 & TR F & G
City/Town Code: Chandler
Description: Spacious 4 bedroom plus den with 3 full baths. Beautiful backyard oasis wit...
Last Updated: November - 24 - 2017

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