Tudor Revival Architecture In Phoenix, Arizona
Tudor Revival Architecture has half-timbered exteriors, steep roofs and gables mark the Tudor revival style.
Roof Styles and Elements
Thanks to their steeply pitched, multi-gabled roof lines and decorative half-timber framing, Tudor homes are one of the most recognizable on the American landscape. As a result, they were built largely during the first half of the 1900s. Tudor homes can be found in well-established communities throughout the U.S.
Tudors Fit the Bill
“As businessmen began coming into money, whether through rail, lumber or steel, they set about building distinctive and magnificent homes. So, Tudors often fit the bill,” explains Victor Saroki, of Victor Saroki and Associates Architects in Birmingham, Michigan.
Not All Tudors are Big
But not all Tudors are grand mansions. More modest interpretations of the style are just as prevalent and just as popular. Practically all, however, are asymmetrical structures dominated by imposing, pitched roof lines.
Designed to Work with the Environment
Tudor Revival architecture homes were designed to work with the environment in which they originated in England. Steeply pitched roofs are ideally suited to climates with a lot of rain and snow, which is why so many appear along the East Coast and throughout the Midwest.
Key Elements of Tudor Revival Homes
- Steep, multi-gabled roof lines. It is not uncommon for the eaves of these dramatic homes to plunge clear down to ground level, or close to it.
- Decorative half-timber framing. The characteristic half-timbering, the structure’s seemingly exposed wood framing, is almost exclusively ornamental in the U.S.
- Massive chimneys. The roof lines of Tudor homes are almost always graced with massive chimneys, constructed of brick or stone and capped with elaborate chimney pots. “It was not uncommon to find a fireplace in every room of the house; they were the primary source of heat,” Saroki says.
- Brick, stone, stucco or slate exteriors. Tudor homes were almost exclusively constructed from these materials, which are often called “noble materials.”
- Decorative entryways. Entryways are often arched and outlined with decorative brick or stonework.
- Windows in groups of two, three or four. Most often casement as opposed to double-hung, the windows are multi-paned, with panes sometimes arranged in a diamond pattern.
Famous Examples of Tudor Revivals
- Edsel and Eleanor Ford House. Now a museum, the Southeast Michigan home is a symbol of American wealth and prosperity. It’s also a model of Tudor architecture. Designed by famous architect Albert Kahn, the 60-room mansion features multiple gables, projecting dormers and towering chimneys, all characteristic of the style.
Because these homes are built from noble materials, what Saroki refers to as “lifetime” materials, they tend to hold up very well. He also says, “But just as a body needs periodic maintenance, so does a Tudor home.”
Prone to Roof Leaks
Sometimes, because of the multiple gables with intersecting roof lines can mean multiple leaks and numerous headaches. So, check the interior thoroughly for water damage and inspect the roof’s integrity is important. The same holds true for the dormers, which are built into roof lines and prone to leaks.
Possible Window Issues
Old casement windows are typically no friend to energy bills. So, you want to look for tight seals and working storms. Additionally, Tudor homes possess a lot of wood detailing, in the form of half-timbering, wood overhangs, and trim, which should be examined for moisture problems and will need regular stain or paint applications.
Lifestyle In a Tudor
Unlike, say, the Spanish Colonial home with its large central courtyard, Tudors are all about indoor living, notes Saroki. Found primarily in Northern climates, Tudor homes boast grand stone hearths around which families gather and relax. So, the dark wood paneling, exposed timbers and luminous stained glass windows all add to the cozy appeal of this architecture style.
In Part By: Douglas Trattner, HGTV