AN INTRO TO DOWNTOWN PHOENIX HISTORY AND FACTS

The City of Phoenix defines Downtown as the area between 7th Street and 7th Avenue, from McDowell Road on the north to Buckeye Road on the south.

The history of Downtown Phoenix and Central Phoenix history runs deeper than most would expect. It’s history is rich dating back to 1867. Known as The Valley of the Sun, Downtown is now the 5th largest metropolitan city in the nation.

Location: Between the “Seven’s” or not?

Downtown and Central Phoenix is generally defined “between the 7’s.” However, the majority of downtown development is concentrated in the smaller area surrounding the intersection of Washington St. and Central Avenue.

Location Perspective

But due to major, recent growth, it depends on who you ask. Some define the boundaries from Seventh Street on the east, the railroad tracks south of Jackson Street and Interstate 10 on the north. However, others define it from from 16th Street on the east, to 19th Avenue on the west, then from Jackson Street to the south and to McDowell Road at the north. It’s all a matter of perspective as our city continues to grow.

Downtown Central Phoenix AZ

Downtown Phoenix is one of a the few major business districts in the city and is the central business district of the City of Phoenix, Arizona.

Central Phoenix and Downtown Locations are Loaded with Old and New Properties

It’s located in the heart of the Phoenix metropolitan area or ‘Valley of the Sun’ with a large variety of designated historic districts housing some classic, vintage homes attracting people from all walks of life. The new high-rise condos emerging are quickly changing the skyline.

Political and Governmental Buildings

Downtown Phoenix, being the county seat of Maricopa County and the capital of Arizona, serves as the center of politics, justice and government on the local, state and federal levels.

The area is a major center of employment for the region, with many financial, legal, and other national and international corporations housed in a variety of skyscrapers.

Arts, Craft’s and Sports

Major arts and cultural institutions also call the area home. Downtown Phoenix is a center of major league sports activities, live concert events, and is an equally prominent center of banking and finance in Arizona. Regional headquarters for several major banks, including JP Morgan Chase, Wells Fargo, US Bank, Bank of America, Compass Bank and MidFirst Bank are all located within or close proximity to the area.

History Downtown Phoenix

The Jefferson Hotel, now the Barrister Place, in 1916 in Phoenix.

A Little History of Downtown Phoenix

Early Settlement

The town of Phoenix was settled in 1867, and incorporated in 1881 as the City of Phoenix.

Territorial era

In 1870, a meeting was held to select a town site for the influx of pioneers coming to the recently recognized town of Phoenix. 320 acres were purchased for $50 raised by popular subscription.

Between the Seven’s Established

But, this original site, the whole of the town of Phoenix in that day, encompasses what would presently be the Downtown Core, bordered by Van Buren Street south to Jackson Street, and Seventh Street to Seventh Avenue.

Phoenix Street Railway Historic Phoenix

Phoenix Street Railway 1887

Washington Street

With the first survey of the new town, streets were laid out in a grid, with Washington Street as the main east-west thoroughfare.

Naming of the Streets

Originally, the north-south streets originally bore Native American tribal names, but were changed to more easily remembered numbers, with everything east of Center Street (later Central Avenue) named as streets and everything west as avenues. The town continued to grow, and was eventually incorporated as a city on February 28, 1881 centered around downtown.

Phoenix Incorporation

Throughout the 1880’s the newly incorporated city made many strides toward modernization with the construction of one of the first electric plants in the West as well as the opening of the horse-drawn streetcar line.

The Phoenix Street Railway system was eventually electrified and expanded to several different lines that connected Downtown Phoenix to other neighborhoods and cities in the Valley.

Independence Day of 1887

Independence Day of 1887 heralded the arrival first Southern Pacific train. This opened up the economy of the young city, as goods now flowed in and out by train as opposed to wagon. As Phoenix became the center of commerce in the territory, the capital was moved to Phoenix, with temporary offices being set up in Downtown.

The Beginning of Phoenix’s Story

Downtown Central Phoenix History

Horse-drawn trolley cars in Downtown Phoenix from 1887 to 1948.

The city of Phoenix’s story begins as people from those settlements expanded south, in conjunction with the establishment of a military outpost to the east of current day Phoenix.

Agriculture

Phoenix served as an agricultural area that depended on large-scale irrigation projects.

Pre-World War II

Until World War II, the economy was based on the “Five C’s”: cotton, citrus and cattle, climate and copper. The city provided retail, wholesale, banking, and governmental services for central Arizona, and was gaining a national reputation among winter tourists.

Post World War II

The post-World War Two years saw the city beginning to grow more rapidly, as many men who had trained in the military installations in the valley, returned, bringing their families.

Population Growth Post War

The population growth was further stimulated in the 1950’s, in part because of the availability of air conditioning, which made the very hot dry summer heat tolerable, as well as an influx of industry, led by high tech companies. The population growth rate of the Phoenix metro area has been nearly 4% per year for the past 40 years.

Growth Rate Slows During the Great Depression

The growth rate slowed during the Great Recession but the U.S. Census Bureau predicted it would resume as the nation’s economy recovered, and it already has begun to do so. While currently ranked 6th in population, it is predicted that Phoenix will rank 4th by 2020. Currently it’s the 5th most populous city in the United States.

CLICK HERE to search For Downtown and Central Phoenix High Rise Luxury Condos, Lofts, Row Homes and Townhomes

139 matches found

$600,000
17 W VERNON Avenue, 612, Phoenix, AZ 85003
View Photos (28)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 2400
Year Built: 2005
Subdivision: WILLOWALK BUILDING ''A'' CONDOMINIUM
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: One of only 3 large center Penthouses at Tapestry on Central. Spacious ~240...
Status: Active
Last Updated: March - 31 - 2020
IDX
$249,900
16 W ENCANTO Boulevard, 517, Phoenix, AZ 85003
View Photos (33)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1235
Year Built: 2007
Subdivision: TAPESTRY ON CENTRAL BUILDING B CONDOMINIUM AMD
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This beautiful 2 bedroom, 2 bathroom condo is located in the highly desired...
Status: Active
Last Updated: March - 31 - 2020
IDX
$147,000
207 W CLARENDON Avenue, 17D, Phoenix, AZ 85013
View Photos (29)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 1
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 852
Year Built: 1964
Subdivision: EXECUTIVE TOWERS /NOT A SUB/
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Here's your chance to live in the iconic, Mid-century Masterpiece, Executiv...
Status: Active
Last Updated: March - 31 - 2020
IDX
$465,000
7018 N 11TH Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85021
View Photos (34)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 2058
Year Built: 1974
Subdivision: MARRAKECH
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Location, gorgeous updated interior, low maintenance lifestyle with resort...
Status: Active
Last Updated: March - 31 - 2020
IDX
$220,000
114 W ADAMS Street, 910, Phoenix, AZ 85003
View Photos (27)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 1
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 833
Year Built: 2005
Subdivision: ORPHEUM LOFTS CONDOMINIUM 2ND AMD
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Marvelous loft style condo with 9th story views in prestigious Orpheum Loft...
Status: Active
Last Updated: March - 31 - 2020
IDX
$242,000
101 N 7TH Street, 228, Phoenix, AZ 85034
View Photos (18)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1630
Year Built: 1986
Subdivision: RENAISSANCE PARK PHASE 2
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This Phoenix home offers a fireplace, stainless steel appliances, a breakfa...
Status: Active
Last Updated: March - 31 - 2020
IDX
$339,900
5811 N 8th Place, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (21)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1845
Year Built: 1973
Subdivision: 747 EAST BETHANY HOME RD
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Turn key ready! Conveniently located near Biltmore Fashion Park shopping an...
Status: Active
Last Updated: March - 31 - 2020
IDX
$201,900
1225 E MEDLOCK Drive, 203, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (33)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1008
Year Built: 1962
Subdivision: ALONDRA MIRADA
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Upscale 2 bedroom, 2 bathroom condo located in the Alondra Mirada community...
Status: Active
Last Updated: March - 31 - 2020
IDX
$315,000
100 W PORTLAND Street, 505, Phoenix, AZ 85003
View Photos (41)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 1
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 745
Year Built: 2016
Subdivision: PORTLAND ON THE PARK CONDOMINIUMS 1ST AMD
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Steps from the light rail and many of Downtown Phoenix's best restaurants/c...
Status: Active
Last Updated: March - 31 - 2020
IDX
$209,700
1302 E MARYLAND Avenue, 6, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (10)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 1.5
Square Footage: 1104
Year Built: 1983
Subdivision: TWELVE PALMS LOT 1-12 14 15
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Located at the corner of hip & happening everything North of Central has to...
Status: Active
Last Updated: March - 31 - 2020
IDX

1 2 3 4 5 6 ... 14
Copyright Arizona Regional Multiple Listing Service, Inc. All rights reserved. Information Not Guaranteed and Must Be Confirmed by End User. Site contains live data.

Let's Get Social!