AN INTRO TO DOWNTOWN PHOENIX FACTS AND HISTORY

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Central Phoenix, 1910

The City of Phoenix defines Downtown as the area between 7th Street and 7th Avenue, from McDowell Road on the north to Buckeye Road on the south. However, the majority of downtown development is concentrated in the smaller area surrounding the intersection of Washington St. and Central Avenue. Downtown Phoenix is one of a the few major business districts in the city and is the central business district of the City of Phoenix, Arizona.

It’s located in the heart of the Phoenix metropolitan area or ‘Valley of the Sun’ with a large variety of designated historic districts housing some classic, vintage homes attracting people from all walks of life.

Phoenix, being the county seat of Maricopa County and the capital of Arizona, serves as the center of politics, justice and government on the local, state and federal levels. The area is a major center of employment for the region, with many financial, legal, and other national and international corporations housed in a variety of skyscrapers. Major arts and cultural institutions also call the area home. Downtown Phoenix is a center of major league sports activities, live concert events, and is an equally prominent center of banking and finance in Arizona. Regional headquarters for several major banks, including JP Morgan Chase, Wells Fargo, US Bank, Bank of America, Compass Bank and MidFirst Bank are all located within or close proximity to the area.

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The Jefferson Hotel, now the Barrister Place, in 1916 in Phoenix.

A Little History of Downtown Phoenix

Territorial era

In 1870, a meeting was held to select a town site for the influx of pioneers coming to the recently recognized town of Phoenix. 320 acres were purchased for $50 raised by popular subscription. This original site, the whole of the town of Phoenix in that day, encompasses what would presently be the Downtown Core, bordered by Van Buren Street south to Jackson Street, and Seventh Street to Seventh Avenue.

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Phoenix Street Railway 1887

With the first survey of the new town, streets were laid out in a grid, with Washington Street as the main east-west thoroughfare. The north-south streets originally bore Native American tribal names, but were changed to more easily remembered numbers, with everything east of Center Street (later Central Avenue) named as streets and everything west as avenues. The town continued to grow, and was eventually incorporated as a city on February 28, 1881 centered around downtown.

Throughout the 1880’s the newly incorporated city made many strides toward modernization with the construction of one of the first electric plants in the West as well as the opening of the horse-drawn streetcar line. The Phoenix Street Railway system was eventually electrified and expanded to several different lines that connected Downtown Phoenix to other neighborhoods and cities in the Valley. Independence Day of 1887 heralded the arrival first Southern Pacific train. This opened up the economy of the young city, as goods now flowed in and out by train as opposed to wagon. As Phoenix became the center of commerce in the territory, the capital was moved to Phoenix, with temporary offices being set up in Downtown.

History of Phoenix 

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Horse-drawn trolley cars in Downtown Phoenix from 1887 to 1948.

The city of Phoenix’s story begins as people from those settlements expanded south, in conjunction with the establishment of a military outpost to the east of current day Phoenix.

The town of Phoenix was settled in 1867, and incorporated in 1881 as the City of Phoenix. Phoenix served as an agricultural area that depended on large-scale irrigation projects. Until World War II, the economy was based on the “Five C’s”: cotton, citrus and cattle, climate and copper. The city provided retail, wholesale, banking, and governmental services for central Arizona, and was gaining a national reputation among winter tourists. The post-World War Two years saw the city beginning to grow more rapidly, as many men who had trained in the military installations in the valley, returned, bringing their families. The population growth was further stimulated in the 1950’s, in part because of the availability of air conditioning, which made the very hot dry summer heat tolerable, as well as an influx of industry, led by high tech companies. The population growth rate of the Phoenix metro area has been nearly 4% per year for the past 40 years. That growth rate slowed during the Great Recession but the U.S. Census Bureau predicted it would resume as the nation’s economy recovered, and it already has begun to do so. While currently ranked 6th in population, it is predicted that Phoenix will rank 4th by 2020. Currently it the 6th most populous city in the United States.

189 matches found

$345,000
View from Balcony
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Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1426
Year Built: 2007
Subdivision: SUMMIT AT COPPER SQUARE CONDOMINIUM 2ND AMD
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Sports enthusiasts! This 2 bedroom 2.5 bathroom condominium is located on t...
Last Updated: June - 19 - 2019
$246,000
Walk through your front door to this inviting great room concept living space.
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Open House (06/22/2019 - 12:00 pm)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1243
Year Built: 2007
Subdivision: TAPESTRY ON CENTRAL BUILDING C CONDOMINIUM
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: LUXURY LIVING IN THE HEART OF THE CITY! This fabulous condo features gourme...
Last Updated: June - 19 - 2019
$350,000
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 2065
Year Built: 2006
Subdivision: PRD 845 Condominium
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Live the Downtown lifestyle in the award-winning PRD 845 development design...
Last Updated: June - 18 - 2019
$237,000
100 W MARYLAND Avenue, K2, Phoenix, AZ 85013
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Open House (06/21/2019 - 3:00 pm)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1640
Year Built: 1962
Subdivision: MARY C CONDOMINIUMS UNIT G1 & H1 & J1-P1 & G2&H2
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Location, Location, Location! Live in the heart of Central Phoenix! 3 Bedro...
Last Updated: June - 18 - 2019
$285,000
2201 N Central Avenue, 2E, Phoenix, AZ 85004
View Photos (25)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1260
Year Built: 1957
Subdivision: Phoenix Towers Co-Operative Apartments. Inc.
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Residences in this mid-town masterpiece are characterized by large rooms, h...
Last Updated: June - 18 - 2019
$149,900
1107 W OSBORN Road, 207, Phoenix, AZ 85013
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Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1106
Year Built: 1950
Subdivision: NONPAREIL CONDOMINIUM
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Lovely 2 bedroom/ 2 bath condo in Nonpareil Condominium community offers ne...
Last Updated: June - 18 - 2019
$139,000
4750 N CENTRAL Avenue, 5D, Phoenix, AZ 85012
View Photos (33)Virtual Tours (1)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 1
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 788
Year Built: 1963
Subdivision: LANDMARK TOWERS CONDOMINIUM
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Live the Urban lifestyle located in the Phoenix Iconic building Landmark To...
Last Updated: June - 18 - 2019
$290,000
615 E PORTLAND Street, 122, Phoenix, AZ 85004
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Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1238
Year Built: 2004
Subdivision: ARTISAN VILLAGE CONDOMINIUM AMD
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This 2 bedroom / 2 bath in Artisan Village townhome is one of the best val...
Last Updated: June - 18 - 2019
$249,900
6021 N 11TH Street, Phoenix, AZ 85014
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Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1206
Year Built: 1971
Subdivision: ELEVEN HUNDRED BETHANY
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Vacant and easy to show! Very Nice single story 2 bedroom 2 bath home in a ...
Last Updated: June - 18 - 2019
$459,000
Welcome home.
View Photos (23)Videos (1)
Open House (06/22/2019 - 11:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 3
Square Footage: 1985
Year Built: 2014
Subdivision: PORTLAND 2
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Live your best life in this impressive townhome located within the Evans Ch...
Last Updated: June - 18 - 2019

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