AN INTRO TO DOWNTOWN PHOENIX FACTS AND HISTORY

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Central Phoenix, 1910

The City of Phoenix defines Downtown as the area between 7th Street and 7th Avenue, from McDowell Road on the north to Buckeye Road on the south. However, the majority of downtown development is concentrated in the smaller area surrounding the intersection of Washington St. and Central Avenue. Downtown Phoenix is one of a the few major business districts in the city and is the central business district of the City of Phoenix, Arizona.

It’s located in the heart of the Phoenix metropolitan area or ‘Valley of the Sun’ with a large variety of designated historic districts housing some classic, vintage homes attracting people from all walks of life.

Phoenix, being the county seat of Maricopa County and the capital of Arizona, serves as the center of politics, justice and government on the local, state and federal levels. The area is a major center of employment for the region, with many financial, legal, and other national and international corporations housed in a variety of skyscrapers. Major arts and cultural institutions also call the area home. Downtown Phoenix is a center of major league sports activities, live concert events, and is an equally prominent center of banking and finance in Arizona. Regional headquarters for several major banks, including JP Morgan Chase, Wells Fargo, US Bank, Bank of America, Compass Bank and MidFirst Bank are all located within or close proximity to the area.

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The Jefferson Hotel, now the Barrister Place, in 1916 in Phoenix.

A Little History of Downtown Phoenix

Territorial era

In 1870, a meeting was held to select a town site for the influx of pioneers coming to the recently recognized town of Phoenix. 320 acres were purchased for $50 raised by popular subscription. This original site, the whole of the town of Phoenix in that day, encompasses what would presently be the Downtown Core, bordered by Van Buren Street south to Jackson Street, and Seventh Street to Seventh Avenue.

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Phoenix Street Railway 1887

With the first survey of the new town, streets were laid out in a grid, with Washington Street as the main east-west thoroughfare. The north-south streets originally bore Native American tribal names, but were changed to more easily remembered numbers, with everything east of Center Street (later Central Avenue) named as streets and everything west as avenues. The town continued to grow, and was eventually incorporated as a city on February 28, 1881 centered around downtown.

Throughout the 1880’s the newly incorporated city made many strides toward modernization with the construction of one of the first electric plants in the West as well as the opening of the horse-drawn streetcar line. The Phoenix Street Railway system was eventually electrified and expanded to several different lines that connected Downtown Phoenix to other neighborhoods and cities in the Valley. Independence Day of 1887 heralded the arrival first Southern Pacific train. This opened up the economy of the young city, as goods now flowed in and out by train as opposed to wagon. As Phoenix became the center of commerce in the territory, the capital was moved to Phoenix, with temporary offices being set up in Downtown.

History of Phoenix 

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Horse-drawn trolley cars in Downtown Phoenix from 1887 to 1948.

The city of Phoenix’s story begins as people from those settlements expanded south, in conjunction with the establishment of a military outpost to the east of current day Phoenix.

The town of Phoenix was settled in 1867, and incorporated in 1881 as the City of Phoenix. Phoenix served as an agricultural area that depended on large-scale irrigation projects. Until World War II, the economy was based on the “Five C’s”: cotton, citrus and cattle, climate and copper. The city provided retail, wholesale, banking, and governmental services for central Arizona, and was gaining a national reputation among winter tourists. The post-World War Two years saw the city beginning to grow more rapidly, as many men who had trained in the military installations in the valley, returned, bringing their families. The population growth was further stimulated in the 1950’s, in part because of the availability of air conditioning, which made the very hot dry summer heat tolerable, as well as an influx of industry, led by high tech companies. The population growth rate of the Phoenix metro area has been nearly 4% per year for the past 40 years. That growth rate slowed during the Great Recession but the U.S. Census Bureau predicted it would resume as the nation’s economy recovered, and it already has begun to do so. While currently ranked 6th in population, it is predicted that Phoenix will rank 4th by 2020. Currently it the 6th most populous city in the United States.

222 matches found

$254,900
815 E Rose Lane, 116, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (31)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1102
Year Built: 2008
Subdivision: ANDARE CONDOMINIUM
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: GORGEOUS Townhouse in Resort-Style Andare Community in North Central Phoeni...
Last Updated: February - 17 - 2019
$256,000
535 W THOMAS Road, 311, Phoenix, AZ 85013
View Photos (50)Virtual Tours (1)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1208
Year Built: 2008
Subdivision: Lofts on Thomas
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Midtown Phoenix's premier address for Luxury Urban Loft Living featuring st...
Last Updated: February - 17 - 2019
$127,500
6565 N 19TH Avenue, 41, Phoenix, AZ 85015
View Photos (8)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 1.5
Square Footage: 1216
Year Built: 1963
Subdivision: TAHITIAN VILLAGE
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: REMODELED 3 BED ROOM NEW TENANT WILL BE IN February 1 AT $1250 PER MONTH ...
Last Updated: February - 17 - 2019
$374,900
1329 W GLENDALE Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85021
View Photos (35)Virtual Tours (1)
Open House (03/03/2019 - 11:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1838
Year Built: 1968
Subdivision: DEVILLE PLACE
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: ** This home is NOT facing Glendale Ave. Don't let the address fool you as ...
Last Updated: February - 17 - 2019
$473,000
Front Entrance
View Photos (23)Virtual Tours (2)
Open House (02/17/2019 - 10:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1781
Year Built: 2016
Subdivision: ARTHAUS CONDOMINIUM
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Stunning Downtown Phoenix Townhouse in ArtHaus overlooking the historic Wil...
Last Updated: February - 17 - 2019
$225,000
100 W MARYLAND Avenue, K1, Phoenix, AZ 85013
View Photos (32)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 1.75
Square Footage: 1640
Year Built: 1962
Subdivision: MARY C CONDOMINIUMS UNIT G1 & H1 & J1-P1 & G2&H2
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: GORGEOUS, move-in ready urban condo that lives like a single family home. 3...
Last Updated: February - 17 - 2019
$235,000
1 E LEXINGTON Avenue, 506, Phoenix, AZ 85012
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Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 1
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 734
Year Built: 2008
Subdivision: ONE LEXINGTON AVE CONDOMINIUMS AKA CENTURY PLAZA C
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Mid Town LUXURY at it's finest. Step inside this modern and pristine 5th f...
Last Updated: February - 17 - 2019
$202,000
6109 N 12TH Street, 4, Phoenix, AZ 85014
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Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1538
Year Built: 1964
Subdivision: ORCHARD HOUSE CONDOMINIUM D/P 4767-252/NO PLAT
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Perfectly located, updated beauty with a resort style pool! Centrally locat...
Last Updated: February - 17 - 2019
$219,900
1247 E Maryland Avenue, A, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (24)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1060
Year Built: 1964
Subdivision: Maryland Parkway East
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Enjoy the quiet surroundings of this small community located in North Centr...
Last Updated: February - 17 - 2019
$399,900
6508 N MARYLAND Circle, Phoenix, AZ 85013
View Photos (43)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 3
Square Footage: 2721
Year Built: 1975
Subdivision: CORTE MADERA
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Highly upgraded throughout. This gorgeous townhome has 3 levels inside. Pr...
Last Updated: February - 17 - 2019

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