AN INTRO TO DOWNTOWN PHOENIX HISTORY AND FACTS

The City of Phoenix defines Downtown as the area between 7th Street and 7th Avenue, from McDowell Road on the north to Buckeye Road on the south.

The history of Downtown Phoenix and Central Phoenix history runs deeper than most would expect. It’s history is rich dating back to 1867. Known as The Valley of the Sun, Downtown is now the 5th largest metropolitan city in the nation.

Location: Between the “Seven’s” or not?

Downtown and Central Phoenix is generally defined “between the 7’s.” However, the majority of downtown development is concentrated in the smaller area surrounding the intersection of Washington St. and Central Avenue.

Location Perspective

But due to major, recent growth, it depends on who you ask. Some define the boundaries from Seventh Street on the east, the railroad tracks south of Jackson Street and Interstate 10 on the north. However, others define it from from 16th Street on the east, to 19th Avenue on the west, then from Jackson Street to the south and to McDowell Road at the north. It’s all a matter of perspective as our city continues to grow.

Downtown Central Phoenix AZ

Downtown Phoenix is one of a the few major business districts in the city and is the central business district of the City of Phoenix, Arizona.

Central Phoenix and Downtown Locations are Loaded with Old and New Properties

It’s located in the heart of the Phoenix metropolitan area or ‘Valley of the Sun’ with a large variety of designated historic districts housing some classic, vintage homes attracting people from all walks of life. The new high-rise condos emerging are quickly changing the skyline.

Political and Governmental Buildings

Downtown Phoenix, being the county seat of Maricopa County and the capital of Arizona, serves as the center of politics, justice and government on the local, state and federal levels.

The area is a major center of employment for the region, with many financial, legal, and other national and international corporations housed in a variety of skyscrapers.

Arts, Craft’s and Sports

Major arts and cultural institutions also call the area home. Downtown Phoenix is a center of major league sports activities, live concert events, and is an equally prominent center of banking and finance in Arizona. Regional headquarters for several major banks, including JP Morgan Chase, Wells Fargo, US Bank, Bank of America, Compass Bank and MidFirst Bank are all located within or close proximity to the area.

History Downtown Phoenix

The Jefferson Hotel, now the Barrister Place, in 1916 in Phoenix.

A Little History of Downtown Phoenix

Early Settlement

The town of Phoenix was settled in 1867, and incorporated in 1881 as the City of Phoenix.

Territorial era

In 1870, a meeting was held to select a town site for the influx of pioneers coming to the recently recognized town of Phoenix. 320 acres were purchased for $50 raised by popular subscription.

Between the Seven’s Established

But, this original site, the whole of the town of Phoenix in that day, encompasses what would presently be the Downtown Core, bordered by Van Buren Street south to Jackson Street, and Seventh Street to Seventh Avenue.

Phoenix Street Railway Historic Phoenix

Phoenix Street Railway 1887

Washington Street

With the first survey of the new town, streets were laid out in a grid, with Washington Street as the main east-west thoroughfare.

Naming of the Streets

Originally, the north-south streets originally bore Native American tribal names, but were changed to more easily remembered numbers, with everything east of Center Street (later Central Avenue) named as streets and everything west as avenues. The town continued to grow, and was eventually incorporated as a city on February 28, 1881 centered around downtown.

Phoenix Incorporation

Throughout the 1880’s the newly incorporated city made many strides toward modernization with the construction of one of the first electric plants in the West as well as the opening of the horse-drawn streetcar line.

The Phoenix Street Railway system was eventually electrified and expanded to several different lines that connected Downtown Phoenix to other neighborhoods and cities in the Valley.

Independence Day of 1887

Independence Day of 1887 heralded the arrival first Southern Pacific train. This opened up the economy of the young city, as goods now flowed in and out by train as opposed to wagon. As Phoenix became the center of commerce in the territory, the capital was moved to Phoenix, with temporary offices being set up in Downtown.

The Beginning of Phoenix’s Story

Downtown Central Phoenix History

Horse-drawn trolley cars in Downtown Phoenix from 1887 to 1948.

The city of Phoenix’s story begins as people from those settlements expanded south, in conjunction with the establishment of a military outpost to the east of current day Phoenix.

Agriculture

Phoenix served as an agricultural area that depended on large-scale irrigation projects.

Pre-World War II

Until World War II, the economy was based on the “Five C’s”: cotton, citrus and cattle, climate and copper. The city provided retail, wholesale, banking, and governmental services for central Arizona, and was gaining a national reputation among winter tourists.

Post World War II

The post-World War Two years saw the city beginning to grow more rapidly, as many men who had trained in the military installations in the valley, returned, bringing their families.

Population Growth Post War

The population growth was further stimulated in the 1950’s, in part because of the availability of air conditioning, which made the very hot dry summer heat tolerable, as well as an influx of industry, led by high tech companies. The population growth rate of the Phoenix metro area has been nearly 4% per year for the past 40 years.

Growth Rate Slows During the Great Depression

The growth rate slowed during the Great Recession but the U.S. Census Bureau predicted it would resume as the nation’s economy recovered, and it already has begun to do so. While currently ranked 6th in population, it is predicted that Phoenix will rank 4th by 2020. Currently it’s the 5th most populous city in the United States.

CLICK HERE to search For Downtown and Central Phoenix High Rise Luxury Condos, Lofts, Row Homes and Townhomes

197 matches found

$144,900
310 W EARLL Drive, 201, Phoenix, AZ 85013
View Photos (13)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 650
Year Built: 2007
Subdivision: PARK CENTRAL PLACE CONDOMINIUMS 2ND AMD
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Very Contemporary--MID-Town Living!! Built in 2007 Faux Wood Laminate Floor...
Status: Active
Last Updated: October - 22 - 2019
IDX
$225,000
1130 E BELMONT Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85020
View Photos (17)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1248
Year Built: 1974
Subdivision: TORRE BLANCA 1 AMENDED
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Super cute townhome, freshly painted with a large open great room and dinin...
Status: Active
Last Updated: October - 22 - 2019
IDX
$415,000
1400 E BETHANY HOME Road, 25, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (41)Virtual Tours (1)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1773
Year Built: 2017
Subdivision: The Mason
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This townhome shows better than NEW! Welcome to ''The Mason'' - A premier 1...
Status: Active
Last Updated: October - 21 - 2019
IDX
$340,000
1130 N 2ND Street, 408, Phoenix, AZ 85004
View Photos (41)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1032
Year Built: 2017
Subdivision: EN HANCE PARK CONDOMINIUMS
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Large 2 bedroom 2 bath on the 3rd floor. Split floor plan and two walk-in c...
Status: Active
Last Updated: October - 21 - 2019
IDX
$235,000
Kitchen opens to the family room
View Photos (18)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 937
Year Built: 1986
Subdivision: HIGHLANDS CONDOMINIUM PHASE 2 UNIT 1-46
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Beautiful remodeled unit! This 2 bedroom, 2 bathroom home is ready to move ...
Status: Active
Last Updated: October - 21 - 2019
IDX
$268,000
3633 N 3RD Avenue, 2090, Phoenix, AZ 85013
View Photos (17)
Open House (10/22/2019 - 8:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1252
Year Built: 1999
Subdivision: 3RD AVENUE PALMS CONDOMINIUMS 2ND AMD
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This Phoenix three-story townhome in a gated community offers a balcony, a ...
Status: Active
Last Updated: October - 21 - 2019
IDX
$410,500
3131 N Central Avenue, 6002, Phoenix, AZ 85012
View Photos (38)Videos (1)
Open House (10/22/2019 - 10:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1112
Year Built: 2018
Subdivision: Edison Midtown
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Stunning pool and city views at Edison, the height of urban living in midto...
Status: Active
Last Updated: October - 21 - 2019
IDX
$289,000
914 E OSBORN Road, 216, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (22)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1338
Year Built: 2001
Subdivision: ARTISAN LOFTS CONDOMINIUM
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Enjoy upscale Urban living at Artisan Lofts. Functional and desirable open ...
Status: Active
Last Updated: October - 21 - 2019
IDX
$225,000
385 W PIERSON Street, E8, Phoenix, AZ 85013
View Photos (17)
Open House (10/22/2019 - 8:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1144
Year Built: 1974
Subdivision: PIERSON WEST
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This Phoenix two-story offers a wood-burning fireplace, vaulted ceiling, a ...
Status: Active
Last Updated: October - 21 - 2019
IDX
$315,000
49 E VIRGINIA Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85004
View Photos (24)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 869
Year Built: 1935
Subdivision: WOODWARD PLACE CONDOMINIUMS
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Red Brick Beauty in the Midtown Art's District! This fully furnished patio ...
Status: Active
Last Updated: October - 21 - 2019
IDX

1 2 3 4 5 6 ... 20
Copyright Arizona Regional Multiple Listing Service, Inc. All rights reserved. Information Not Guaranteed and Must Be Confirmed by End User. Site contains live data.

Let's Get Social!