AN INTRO TO DOWNTOWN PHOENIX FACTS AND HISTORY

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Central Phoenix, 1910

The City of Phoenix defines Downtown as the area between 7th Street and 7th Avenue, from McDowell Road on the north to Buckeye Road on the south. However, the majority of downtown development is concentrated in the smaller area surrounding the intersection of Washington St. and Central Avenue. Downtown Phoenix is one of a the few major business districts in the city and is the central business district of the City of Phoenix, Arizona.

It’s located in the heart of the Phoenix metropolitan area or ‘Valley of the Sun’ with a large variety of designated historic districts housing some classic, vintage homes attracting people from all walks of life.

Phoenix, being the county seat of Maricopa County and the capital of Arizona, serves as the center of politics, justice and government on the local, state and federal levels. The area is a major center of employment for the region, with many financial, legal, and other national and international corporations housed in a variety of skyscrapers. Major arts and cultural institutions also call the area home. Downtown Phoenix is a center of major league sports activities, live concert events, and is an equally prominent center of banking and finance in Arizona. Regional headquarters for several major banks, including JP Morgan Chase, Wells Fargo, US Bank, Bank of America, Compass Bank and MidFirst Bank are all located within or close proximity to the area.

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The Jefferson Hotel, now the Barrister Place, in 1916 in Phoenix.

A Little History of Downtown Phoenix

Territorial era

In 1870, a meeting was held to select a town site for the influx of pioneers coming to the recently recognized town of Phoenix. 320 acres were purchased for $50 raised by popular subscription. This original site, the whole of the town of Phoenix in that day, encompasses what would presently be the Downtown Core, bordered by Van Buren Street south to Jackson Street, and Seventh Street to Seventh Avenue.

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Phoenix Street Railway 1887

With the first survey of the new town, streets were laid out in a grid, with Washington Street as the main east-west thoroughfare. The north-south streets originally bore Native American tribal names, but were changed to more easily remembered numbers, with everything east of Center Street (later Central Avenue) named as streets and everything west as avenues. The town continued to grow, and was eventually incorporated as a city on February 28, 1881 centered around downtown.

Throughout the 1880’s the newly incorporated city made many strides toward modernization with the construction of one of the first electric plants in the West as well as the opening of the horse-drawn streetcar line. The Phoenix Street Railway system was eventually electrified and expanded to several different lines that connected Downtown Phoenix to other neighborhoods and cities in the Valley. Independence Day of 1887 heralded the arrival first Southern Pacific train. This opened up the economy of the young city, as goods now flowed in and out by train as opposed to wagon. As Phoenix became the center of commerce in the territory, the capital was moved to Phoenix, with temporary offices being set up in Downtown.

History of Phoenix 

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Horse-drawn trolley cars in Downtown Phoenix from 1887 to 1948.

The city of Phoenix’s story begins as people from those settlements expanded south, in conjunction with the establishment of a military outpost to the east of current day Phoenix.

The town of Phoenix was settled in 1867, and incorporated in 1881 as the City of Phoenix. Phoenix served as an agricultural area that depended on large-scale irrigation projects. Until World War II, the economy was based on the “Five C’s”: cotton, citrus and cattle, climate and copper. The city provided retail, wholesale, banking, and governmental services for central Arizona, and was gaining a national reputation among winter tourists. The post-World War Two years saw the city beginning to grow more rapidly, as many men who had trained in the military installations in the valley, returned, bringing their families. The population growth was further stimulated in the 1950’s, in part because of the availability of air conditioning, which made the very hot dry summer heat tolerable, as well as an influx of industry, led by high tech companies. The population growth rate of the Phoenix metro area has been nearly 4% per year for the past 40 years. That growth rate slowed during the Great Recession but the U.S. Census Bureau predicted it would resume as the nation’s economy recovered, and it already has begun to do so. While currently ranked 6th in population, it is predicted that Phoenix will rank 4th by 2020. Currently it the 6th most populous city in the United States.

207 matches found

$395,000
820 N 8TH Avenue N, 30, Phoenix, AZ 85007
View Photos (28)
Open House (05/01/2019 - 12:00 pm)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1680
Year Built: 2016
Subdivision: CENTER 8 TOWNHOMES Roosevelt Triangle, Central Phoenix
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: MUST SEE... move in ready townhouse situated in the heart of the Roosevelt ...
Last Updated: April - 25 - 2019
$750,000
27 E SAN MIGUEL Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85012
View Photos (22)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 2934
Year Built: 1979
Subdivision: COULTER ESTATES
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: BEAUTIFULLY REMODELED COULTER ESTATE HOME SITUATED ON THE LARGEST LOT IN TH...
Last Updated: April - 25 - 2019
$175,000
1233 E MARYLAND Avenue, B, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (21)
Open House (04/25/2019 - 8:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1152
Year Built: 1964
Subdivision: MARYLAND PARKWAY EAST CONDO D/P 4293-65 AMD 4558-2
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This Phoenix one story offers stainless steel appliances and a balcony. Upg...
Last Updated: April - 25 - 2019
$203,000
1239 E MARYLAND Avenue, B, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (32)
Open House (04/25/2019 - 8:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1060
Year Built: 1964
Subdivision: MARYLAND PARKWAY EAST CONDO D/P 4293-65 AMD 4558-2
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This Phoenix offers a tankless water heater and patio. Upgraded features in...
Last Updated: April - 25 - 2019
$253,000
1530 E MARYLAND Avenue, 9, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (21)
Open House (04/25/2019 - 8:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1702
Year Built: 1985
Subdivision: MARYLAND VILLAGE EAST CONDOS UNIT 1-18
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This Phoenix two-story offers a loft, granite kitchen countertops, hardwood...
Last Updated: April - 25 - 2019
$265,000
6525 N 10TH Place, Phoenix, AZ 85014
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Open House (04/28/2019 - 1:00 pm)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1545
Year Built: 1975
Subdivision: CORTE MADERA EAST CONDOS P/D 86-324170 LOTS 1-34
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Poolside ARCHITECTURAL STUNNER located in the heart of Madison School Dist...
Last Updated: April - 25 - 2019
$196,000
1801 W CLAREMONT Street, Phoenix, AZ 85015
View Photos (20)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1371
Year Built: 1970
Subdivision: CONTINENTAL VILLAS WEST
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This Phoenix one-story offers stainless steel appliances and an enclosed pa...
Last Updated: April - 25 - 2019
$184,900
1718 W COLTER Street, 171, Phoenix, AZ 85015
View Photos (26)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1349
Year Built: 2004
Subdivision: MISSION GATE CONDOMINIUM
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: 3 bedroom, 2.5 bathroom home located in the gated community of Mission Gate...
Last Updated: April - 25 - 2019
$304,900
815 E ROSE Lane, 136, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (27)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1679
Year Built: 2008
Subdivision: ANDARE CONDOMINIUM
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: Spacious, contemporary tri-level 2 bd, 2.5 bath townhouse with attached 2 c...
Last Updated: April - 25 - 2019
$239,000
908 E Missouri Avenue, Phoenix, AZ 85014
View Photos (30)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 1255
Year Built: 1967
Subdivision: CASA NEPENTHE /SUB LOT DEV/
City/Town Code: Phoenix
Description: This immaculate two bedroom North Central property really stands out. Gorge...
Last Updated: April - 25 - 2019

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