Tempe, AZ History and Real Estate For Sale

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History of Tempe, Arizona

Following the establishment of Fort McDowell on the eastern edge of central Arizona’s Salt River Valley in 1865, enterprising farmers moved into the area. They dug out the irrigation canals left by the prehistoric Hohokam people and built new ones to carry Salt River water to their fields. Valley farms soon supplied food to Arizona’s military posts and mining towns. 

Tempe AZ Real Estate

Tempe’s First Settlers

The first settlers to move to the Tempe area, south of the Salt River and east of Phoenix, were Hispanic families from southern Arizona.

 

Construction of the First Two Irrigation Canals

They helped construct the first two irrigation canals, the Kirkland-McKinney Ditch and the San Francisco Canal, and started small farms to the east and west of a large butte (Tempe Butte). In 1872, some of these Mexican settlers founded a town called San Pablo east of Tempe Butte.

Hayden’s Ferry

Another settlement, known as Hayden’s Ferry, developed west of Tempe Butte. Charles Trumbull Hayden, owner of a mercantile and freighting business in Tucson, homesteaded this location in 1870. Then within a few years, he had built a store and flour mill, warehouses and blacksmith shops and a ferry. Consequently, this community became the trade center for the south side of the Salt River Valley. 

Tempe AZ Homes For Sale

Two Settlements Form One Community

Both settlements grew quickly and soon formed one community. The town was named Tempe in 1879. “Lord” Darrell Duppa, an Englishman who helped establish Phoenix, is credited with suggesting the name. The sight of the butte and the wide river, and the nearby expanse of green fields, reminded him of the Vale of Tempe in ancient Greece.

Tempe Irrigating Canal Company

As more farmers came to settle in the Valley and started raising alfalfa and grains for feeding livestock, the Tempe Irrigating Canal Company provided all of necessary water. With a network of canals that extended several miles south of the river, irrigation water was carried to more than 20,000 acres of prime farmland. Crops of wheat, barley, and oats ensured a steady business for the Hayden Mill. The milled flour was hauled to forts and other settlements throughout the territory. By the 1890s, some farmers started growing new cash crops such as dates and citrus fruits.

The Site for the Territorial Normal School

In 1885, the Arizona legislature selected Tempe as the site for the Territorial Normal School, which trained teachers for Arizona’s schools. Soon, other changes in Tempe promoted the development of the small farming community.

The Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad

The Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad, built in 1887, crossed the Salt River at Tempe, linking the town to the nation’s growing transportation system. The Tempe Land and Improvement Company was formed to sell lots in the booming town. Tempe became one of the most important business and shipping centers for the surrounding agricultural area.

Tempe AZ Homes For Sale

Roosevelt Dam Completion

The completion of Roosevelt Dam in 1911 guaranteed enough water to meet the growing needs of Valley farmers. On his way to dedicate the dam, former President Theodore Roosevelt applauded the accomplishments of the people of central Arizona and predicted that their towns would grow to become prosperous cities.

Arizona became the 48th State

Less than a year later, Arizona became the 48th state, and the Salt River Valley was well on its way to becoming the new population center of the Southwest.

Post World War II

Tempe was a small agricultural community through most of its history. After World War II, Tempe began growing at a rapid rate as veterans and others moved to the city. The last of the local farms quickly disappeared. Through annexation, the city reached its current boundaries by 1974. Tempe had grown into a modern city. The town’s small teachers college had also grown, and in 1958, the institution became Arizona State University.

Mill Avenue In Tempe, AZ

Tempe’s commercial center along Mill Avenue declined during these years. Prompted by Tempe’s centennial in 1971, Mill Avenue was revitalized into an entertainment and shopping district that attracts people from throughout the Valley. Today, Tempe is eighth largest city in Arizona, with a strong modern economy based on commerce, tourism, and electronics manufacturing.

Tempe, AZ Homes For Sale

113 matches found

$197,500
1905 E UNIVERSITY Drive, 226, Tempe, AZ 85281
View Photos (14)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1055
Year Built: 1984
Subdivision: PAPAGO PARK VILLAGE 2 UNIT 101-172 201-272
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: This 2 bedroom, 2 bathroom condo is in an excellent Tempe location near ASU...
UCB or CCBS: No
Status: Active
Last Updated: February - 19 - 2020
IDX
$139,900
151 E BROADWAY Road, 301, Tempe, AZ 85282
View Photos (12)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 1
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 775
Year Built: 1982
Subdivision: BROADWAY TERRACE
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Great 1 bed (plus loft)/1 bath split level condo in FABULOUS TEMPE LOCATION...
Status: Active
Last Updated: February - 18 - 2020
IDX
$524,500
1747 W JEANINE Drive, Tempe, AZ 85284
View Photos (56)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 3
Square Footage: 1904
Year Built: 2018
Subdivision: RHYTHM NORTH
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Why wait for a new build when you can own this like new 2018 Mattamy home t...
Status: Active
Last Updated: February - 18 - 2020
IDX
$349,500
912 W 16TH Street, Tempe, AZ 85281
View Photos (17)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1280
Year Built: 1962
Subdivision: MARILYN ANN UNIT 2
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: An Absolute MUST See!! – A Newer & Updated Remodel in the ASU Prime Area ...
Status: Active
Last Updated: February - 18 - 2020
IDX
$367,500
1321 S POLLY ANN Drive, Tempe, AZ 85281
View Photos (19)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1670
Year Built: 1976
Subdivision: STARLITE MANOR
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Nice all block construction home in nice neighborhood located one mile from...
Status: Active
Last Updated: February - 18 - 2020
IDX
$569,000
1947 E RANCH Road, Tempe, AZ 85284
View Photos (37)Virtual Tours (1)
Open House (02/22/2020 - 1:00 pm)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 3
Square Footage: 2917
Year Built: 1985
Subdivision: ALTA MIRA 3 LOT 260-362
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: A Rare find in Alta Mira Subdivision. Welcome to this Tastefully REMODELLE...
Status: Active
Last Updated: February - 18 - 2020
IDX
$410,000
5509 S HURRICANE Court, Tempe, AZ 85283
View Photos (65)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 3.5
Square Footage: 1912
Year Built: 1979
Subdivision: VILLAGE LANDING AT THE LAKES LOT 1-33 TR A-H
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: GORGEOUS 3 bedroom, 3.5 bath townhome in a highly sought after private gate...
Status: Active
Last Updated: February - 18 - 2020
IDX
$288,500
2027 E UNIVERSITY Drive, 140, Tempe, AZ 85281
View Photos (10)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 2.5
Square Footage: 1299
Year Built: 2002
Subdivision: RIO VENTANA TOWNHOMES
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Excellent condo townhome located in the gated Rio Ventana Community situate...
Status: Active
Last Updated: February - 18 - 2020
IDX
$225,000
Brand New Dual Pane Vinyl Windows throughout. New Carpet & New Paint just the beginning!
View Photos (36)Virtual Tours (1)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 1.5
Square Footage: 1408
Year Built: 1964
Subdivision: TEMPE GARDENS
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Tastefully remodeled throughout creating an amazing opportunity for any lif...
Status: Active
Last Updated: February - 18 - 2020
IDX
$437,000
1959 E DUNBAR Drive, Tempe, AZ 85282
View Photos (21)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1826
Year Built: 1971
Subdivision: CONTINENTAL EAST 3
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: This custom designed single family Tempe home with a 300 sq ft air conditio...
Status: Active
Last Updated: February - 18 - 2020
IDX

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