Tempe, AZ History and Real Estate For Sale

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History of Tempe, Arizona

Following the establishment of Fort McDowell on the eastern edge of central Arizona’s Salt River Valley in 1865, enterprising farmers moved into the area. They dug out the irrigation canals left by the prehistoric Hohokam people and built new ones to carry Salt River water to their fields. Valley farms soon supplied food to Arizona’s military posts and mining towns. 

Tempe AZ Real Estate

Tempe’s First Settlers

The first settlers to move to the Tempe area, south of the Salt River and east of Phoenix, were Hispanic families from southern Arizona.

 

Construction of the First Two Irrigation Canals

They helped construct the first two irrigation canals, the Kirkland-McKinney Ditch and the San Francisco Canal, and started small farms to the east and west of a large butte (Tempe Butte). In 1872, some of these Mexican settlers founded a town called San Pablo east of Tempe Butte.

Hayden’s Ferry

Another settlement, known as Hayden’s Ferry, developed west of Tempe Butte. Charles Trumbull Hayden, owner of a mercantile and freighting business in Tucson, homesteaded this location in 1870. Then within a few years, he had built a store and flour mill, warehouses and blacksmith shops and a ferry. Consequently, this community became the trade center for the south side of the Salt River Valley. 

Tempe AZ Homes For Sale

Two Settlements Form One Community

Both settlements grew quickly and soon formed one community. The town was named Tempe in 1879. “Lord” Darrell Duppa, an Englishman who helped establish Phoenix, is credited with suggesting the name. The sight of the butte and the wide river, and the nearby expanse of green fields, reminded him of the Vale of Tempe in ancient Greece.

Tempe Irrigating Canal Company

As more farmers came to settle in the Valley and started raising alfalfa and grains for feeding livestock, the Tempe Irrigating Canal Company provided all of necessary water. With a network of canals that extended several miles south of the river, irrigation water was carried to more than 20,000 acres of prime farmland. Crops of wheat, barley, and oats ensured a steady business for the Hayden Mill. The milled flour was hauled to forts and other settlements throughout the territory. By the 1890s, some farmers started growing new cash crops such as dates and citrus fruits.

The Site for the Territorial Normal School

In 1885, the Arizona legislature selected Tempe as the site for the Territorial Normal School, which trained teachers for Arizona’s schools. Soon, other changes in Tempe promoted the development of the small farming community.

The Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad

The Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad, built in 1887, crossed the Salt River at Tempe, linking the town to the nation’s growing transportation system. The Tempe Land and Improvement Company was formed to sell lots in the booming town. Tempe became one of the most important business and shipping centers for the surrounding agricultural area.

Tempe AZ Homes For Sale

Roosevelt Dam Completion

The completion of Roosevelt Dam in 1911 guaranteed enough water to meet the growing needs of Valley farmers. On his way to dedicate the dam, former President Theodore Roosevelt applauded the accomplishments of the people of central Arizona and predicted that their towns would grow to become prosperous cities.

Arizona became the 48th State

Less than a year later, Arizona became the 48th state, and the Salt River Valley was well on its way to becoming the new population center of the Southwest.

Post World War II

Tempe was a small agricultural community through most of its history. After World War II, Tempe began growing at a rapid rate as veterans and others moved to the city. The last of the local farms quickly disappeared. Through annexation, the city reached its current boundaries by 1974. Tempe had grown into a modern city. The town’s small teachers college had also grown, and in 1958, the institution became Arizona State University.

Mill Avenue In Tempe, AZ

Tempe’s commercial center along Mill Avenue declined during these years. Prompted by Tempe’s centennial in 1971, Mill Avenue was revitalized into an entertainment and shopping district that attracts people from throughout the Valley. Today, Tempe is eighth largest city in Arizona, with a strong modern economy based on commerce, tourism, and electronics manufacturing.

Tempe, AZ Homes For Sale

147 matches found

$417,000
2162 E YALE Drive, Tempe, AZ 85283
View Photos (29)
Open House (01/25/2020 - 10:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 1572
Year Built: 1974
Subdivision: KNOELL TEMPE
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: COMPLETE REMODEL with no HOA. New stucco'ed exterior with new sod in the f...
Status: Active
Last Updated: January - 25 - 2020
IDX
$424,900
1707 N SUNSET Drive, Tempe, AZ 85281
View Photos (36)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 2388
Year Built: 1962
Subdivision: Cavalier Hills 2
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Highly desirable Remodeled Solid Block Home in quiet Tempe/Scottsdale borde...
Status: Active
Last Updated: January - 25 - 2020
IDX
$185,000
1115 S HAZELTON Lane, Tempe, AZ 85281
View Photos (4)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 2
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 1020
Year Built: 1960
Subdivision: DOLL HOUSE COURT
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Great rental opportunity close to ASU, Light-rail, and freeway. Two bedroo...
Status: Active
Last Updated: January - 25 - 2020
IDX
$340,000
1613 E Cedar Street, Tempe, AZ 85281
View Photos (21)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 1
Square Footage: 1338
Year Built: 1954
Subdivision: HUDSON MANOR 2 LTS 63-106
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Ranch style home with great curb appeal! Located minutes from the light rai...
Status: Active
Last Updated: January - 25 - 2020
IDX
$559,900
Open House (01/25/2020 - 1:00 pm)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 5
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 2418
Year Built: 1976
Subdivision: LAKES TRACT A
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: View Virtual Tour. Single level waterfront home in the coveted Coves of The...
Status: Active
Last Updated: January - 25 - 2020
IDX
$181,000
1321 S MITCHELL Drive, Tempe, AZ 85281
View Photos (24)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 3
Square Footage: 1056
Year Built: 1987
Subdivision: Los Prados AMD PHASES 4,
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Rare Find! Must see this 2 Master bedrooms and 3 bath Townhouse close to AS...
Status: Active
Last Updated: January - 25 - 2020
IDX
$394,900
969 E DRAKE Drive, Tempe, AZ 85283
View Photos (46)Virtual Tours (1)
Open House (01/25/2020 - 11:00 am)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 2
Square Footage: 2419
Year Built: 1986
Subdivision: GALLERIA 2 LOT 101-180 TR K-M
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: GREAT OPPORTUNITY * POPULAR TEMPE AREA * HARDWOOD CABINETS * BRICK FIREPLAC...
Status: Active
Last Updated: January - 24 - 2020
IDX
$705,000
9028 S LAKESHORE Drive, Tempe, AZ 85284
View Photos (74)Videos (1)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 4
# of Bathrooms: 3
Square Footage: 2904
Year Built: 1984
Subdivision: CORONA DEL SOL ESTATES
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Looking for the perfect home to entertain? This is it!! Incredible 2900+ ...
Status: Active
Last Updated: January - 24 - 2020
IDX
$925,000
702 E CARVER Road, Tempe, AZ 85284
View Photos (37)
Open House (01/26/2020 - 1:00 pm)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 5
# of Bathrooms: 4
Square Footage: 4577
Year Built: 2012
Subdivision: RAINTREE UNIT 2 LOT 1-62
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Sitting on a picturesque tree lined street with miniature horses and Victor...
Status: Active
Last Updated: January - 24 - 2020
IDX
$450,000
137 W CAROLINE Lane, Tempe, AZ 85284
View Photos (61)
Property Type: Residential
# of Bedrooms: 3
# of Bathrooms: 2.75
Square Footage: 2318
Year Built: 1985
Subdivision: WARNER RANCH CROSSING LOT 1-167 TRACT A&B
City/Town Code: Tempe
Description: Beautiful home in Warner Ranch boasting an amazing location within the comm...
Status: Active
Last Updated: January - 24 - 2020
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